The tiger reigns supreme in Ranthambore. Steep rocky hills and the dominating architecture of the 10 century Ranthambore Fort adding to its landscape of dry deciduous forest, open grassy meadows, several lakes and rivers create a park of great beauty where apart from the majestic tiger you can also see myriad varieties of animal and birdlife. It was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India, and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambhore became a National Park in 1980.
Apart from the Tiger, it is home to several other exotic species like leopards, smaller jungle cats, hyenas, sloth bears, spotted deer, antelopes and gazelles. Bird life, both resident and migratory, is prolific, with over 350 known species within the park including kites, painted storks, plovers, Sarus cranes and many more.
The National Park is also a botanist's and nature lover's delight with a huge variety of trees and plants to observe like Mango, Ber, Jamun, Tamarind, Kadam, Khair, Babul, Kakera, Ronj, Mohua and the most widespread- the Dhok tree.