Spiti, originally pronounced ‘Piti’ literally means the Middle Land. The region was under the rule of the kingdom of Ladakh for many years and it was during this time that ‘sPiti’ (‘s’ silent as per Spitian pronunciation), came to be called ‘Spiti’.
Tucked away in the interiors of the Trans-Himalayan belt of Himachal Pradesh, this high altitude cold desert region has only recently been opened to the outside world. Millions of years ago, Spiti however lay submerged under the Tethys Sea. Remnants of its geological past are evident in the unique landscape and the diverse fossils found in the valley. Situated at an altitude well over 3000mts above mean sea level, this valley is exposed to temperature variations of -28 degree centigrade to +28 degree centigrade and remains cut off for most of the year by the high mountains that encircle it. Due to its relative isolation, various unique and rare aspects of the Buddhist culture (Tibetan Buddhism) are well preserved in this valley. Spiti is also a storehouse of various rare and endangered species of flora and fauna, such as the Snow Leopard, Blue Sheep and Tibetan Wolf.
Travel through its stunning landscapes, get an insight into the history and culture of the land, and experience the Spitian way of life.
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